Authors: Philip Lee Williams, Chris Lloyd, David Shum and Nasseema Khoyratty, QLD
Event: 2012 TheMHS Conference
Subject: RESEARCH, EVALUATION, QUALITY, Recovery, early psychosis, evaluation
Type of resource: Conference Presentations and Papers
Abstract: Prospective memory (PM) refers to the ability to remember to carry out intentions in the future. This study aimed to:
a) Examine whether individuals with early psychosis are impaired on PM
b) To explore whether implementation intentions can improve PM in individuals with early psychosis
The sample of the study consisted of 30 participants with early psychosis and 33 healthy controls. It used a 2 x 2 between-group design to evaluate the main and interactive effects of Group and Instruction on event-based PM performance. The results demonstrated that individuals with early psychosis showed PM deficits relative to healthy controls. PM performance of both early psychosis and control groups benefited from implementation intentions. While the early psychosis group was found to perform significantly more poorly than the controls in the standard instruction condition, the PM performance of the two groups was not found to be different in the implementation intentions condition. These results suggest that the use of the cost free implementation intentions technique holds promise for improving PM performance in individuals with early psychosis. Early intervention of PM deficits has the potential to help individuals with early psychosis to live an independent life and better manage their daily activities.